The word scientist refers to a person who is an expert in a particular area of science. A scientist is educated and trained to use scientific methods to conduct research. Though traditionally scientists have been motivated towards their respective disciplines right from early years, there have been remarkable examples of scientists who have switched between areas of interest. Some scientists were priests, notably astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus and the father of modern genetics, Gregor Mendel. Scientists usually work in cooperation with engineers; the latter have practical aims with scientific approaches in mind while the former are constantly involved in investigation of newer possible improvements.
- For more information, see the article about Scientist.