From ArticleWorld

Berlin is the largest city in Germany and also its capital. It is located in the Northeastern part of the country and was founded around the 13th century. The current state of the city has remained unchanged since the reunification of Germany in 1990.The population is currently over 3.4 million people and the town covers 891.75 square kilometers. Berlin is the sixth largest urban area in the European Union and is considered to be the 80th largest in the world. These statistics come in opposition with the state of the city in 1890-1920. It was then the fourth largest urban area in the world.


Berlin’s location (70 kilometers away from the border with Poland) provides it with a rare landscape that was created due to ice sheets during the most recent Ice Age. That was also when the river Spree, which flows through Berlin, was also created. Several lakes can be seen in the area and have provided the city with an important number of tourist visitors each year. The highest point in the town can be found in Teufelsberg and Müggelberge. Both of them are almost the same height, rising at 115 meters. The location also influences the climate. It is moderate with an annual temperature of around 9.4 degrees Celsius.

Culture and Art

Before the fell of the Berlin wall the city was divided in two both practically and theoretically. After that event in 1989 several buildings, especially those in Eastern Berlin, were renovated. Culturally speaking, the capital of Germany has a lot to offer. Several art galleries can be visited and the nightlife one may find here is one of the most vivid and renowned in Europe. Several festivals and carnivals are held on a yearly basis and it all sums up to a rich cultural life. Numerous museums, theatres, opera houses, botanical gardens, sports facilities and other attractions are visited each year by hundreds of thousands of Europeans. Berlin is a main destination for tourists visiting Germany for a long time and is considered a must visit in the country.