Car safety

From ArticleWorld

Car safety refers to the minimization of automobile accidents and the harmful effects of accidents. Every vehicle on the market today has standard safety features and equipment. Some car safety features have the occupants of the car in mind, other are to protect those outside the car. Car safety has been an issue for as long as there have been cars on the road. The first reported automobile fatality was recorded in 1896, in London.

Safe colors

A Swedish study found pink cars safest, with black cars most likely to be involved in crashes. Another study, this one in Auckland, New Zealand, study found a significantly lower risk of serious injury in silver cars, with higher risks for brown, black, and green cars.

Safety features

In addition to some more complex, or optional, safety features, some of the more common safety features include:

  • Turn signals and brake lights
  • Anti-lock braking system (ABS)
  • Traction control (TCS)
  • Four wheel drive (AWD)
  • Directional headlights.
  • Low center of gravity
  • Visibility for the driver, mirrors, elimination of blind spots and other awareness aids

Damage control

Accidents do happen, and when they do, there are many safety features intended to minimize damage, and injury, including:

  • Seatbelts (or safety belts)
  • Airbags
  • Bumpers to withstand low-speed collisions
  • Crumple zones to absorb the energy of an impact
  • Collapsible steering column
  • Reinforced side door structural members
  • Fuel pump shutoff devices