Franklin D Roosevelt

From ArticleWorld

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, better known as FDR, was the 32nd President of the United States and served from 1933-1945. He was the only man to serve as president this long (over twelve years) and the only one to be elected more than two times. Roosevelt was a key figure in the 20th century and was in the nations drivers seat for many of their hardest struggles and most difficult times, including the Great Depression and World War II.


Early Life

Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882 into an aristocratic, wealthy family in northern New York. Roosevelt was educated at home by his mother and then later at Groton, an Episcopal school in Massachusetts. He continued his education at Harvard University with a bachelors degree and then attended Columbia Law School where he passed his bar exam in 1907. He met and married Eleanor Roosevelt in 1905 and they immediately began having children; they had six total.


Roosevelt ran on the Democratic ticket for New York State Senate in 1910 and won. He was offered the job of Assistant Secretary of the Navy in 1912, and that was the beginning of his long political career.

In 1917, he founded the United States Navy Reserve and became the head administrator of the United States Navy during World War I. Roosevelt was chosen as the candidate for vice-president in 1920 and was to run with Democrat James M. Cox. They were beaten and Roosevelt returned to his law practice in New York. He would step back into politics and was soon elected as the governor of New York. He served as governor until 1932 when he was ushered into the presidential office.

First Term

Roosevelt entered his first term as president in 1932, while the economy was in the worst depression it had ever seen. He announced a "bank holiday", created The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), and passed bills such as the |ERA (ERA) and finally the New Deal.

Second Term

Roosevelt was sent right into his second term and was a national favorite for bringing America out of the depression. This term saw Roosevelt create the United States Housing Authority Act, the Agricultural Adjustment Act, and the Fair Labor Standards Act, which was the creation of minimum wage.

Third Term

Roosevelt’s third term as president was spent deciding what to do regarding World War II. He was in office and signed the declaration of war when America was attacked at Pearl Harbor. During the course of the war his health began deteriorating, but he was still able to attend the infamous Yalta conference with Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin.

Fourth Term

Roosevelt’s health was getting worse due to his extreme paralysis, high blood pressure, lots of stress, and chain smoking. He was aware that he would not be able to fully complete a fourth term in office and therefore agreed to drop Henry Wallace as vice-president and replace him with Harry S. Truman. He and Truman were elected in the November elections and Roosevelt died on March 30, 1945.