Rome

From ArticleWorld


Rome is the capital of Italy and of the Lazio region. The name used for the city in Italian is Roma and it also houses The Vatican City (the smallest city in the World and the residential place of the Catholic religious leader, the Pope). Apart from being Europe’s greenest town (because of the numerous parks it houses) Rome is also one of the most important educational cities in the world. Besides that it houses several elements of Roman history that make it an ideal place to travel too for tourists that want to see sites like the Coliseum or even visit The Vatican City.

History

Rome originated around the 8th or 8th century BC. Several tribes that came from Northern regions migrated to the area so that they can settle around the river Tiber. It later became the capital of the Roman Empire and during that time it has been on of the most important cities in the world. A popular saying of the time reflects this exact fact: “All roads lead to Rome”. Actually, the history behind this surrounds the fact that almost all Italian roads lead to the capital because of how they were built ever since the Roman Empire. As the empire declined Rome still remained an important city, at some point being considered Europe’s capital. Nowadays it is still one of the most influential cities in Europe as the capital of Italy.

Education

In the past, Rome has been a very important educational centre, the biggest in the Roman Empire and one of the strongest in the world. Romans considered education to be very important and have created several schools and academies to keep the wanted people’s level of education as high as possible. Even today Rome is the most important educational centre and Italy, showing many universities that offer students the possibility of obtaining degrees in any field of activity wanted. The biggest university in Europe can be found in Rome. It is the University of Roma La Sapienza, which was established in 1303 and can house around 150,000 students. Three other leading universities that can also be found in the capital are:

  • La Università degli studi di Roma “Tor Vergata” (The Tor Vergata University of studies, also considered to be Roma 2)
  • University of Roma Tre
  • Istituto Universitario di Scienze Motorie (The University Institute of Motor Science)

Besides these highly popular public universities, several other private ones can be found, making Rome one of the strongest cities around the world when talking about educational facilities.

The world’s oldest academy of music, the Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, founded in 1584, is also in Rome.