Team management

From ArticleWorld

The term team management encompasses a number of methods which are directed towards the formation and management of teams. One method that is often employed to identify different personalities in teams is the Belbin technique.

Building teams

Steps to building an effective team are as follows:

One of the first steps in the development of a team is to clearly define the objectives, values and operating principles for the company in question. It is often seen that without clearly defined goals and visions there is no progress. The second step is usually to lay a framework that can be followed in the accomplishment of these goals. This normally requires a detailed list of objectives based on areas such as marketing, sales and operations.

Another important team building action is the construction of an organizational chart. This assists in highlighting the chain of command and is closely related to the next step which is the development of job profiles. Job profiles include information such as performance expectation, responsibilities, experience and personal qualities. These profiles assist in the decision making process of hiring the right individuals. Interviews can be conducted using these profiles to ask questions and follow-up is often necessary by checking references.

Managing teams

Making expectations clear and following up performance are key to team management. One important step in the management of teams is the setting of expectations. This is normally done by the use of performance agreements where the employee is given key objectives and responsibilities on entry into the team. This is followed up by the monitoring of performance in meetings that are held on a regular schedule. These meetings will discuss the objectives previously outlined and monitor progress. They also will provide guidance and assistance when required.

A necessary component of team management is ensuring that the team is working well together. This requires the set up of a system to ensure the lines of communication are always open, encouraging conflict resolution and regular feedback mechanisms. Common problems to look out for in team management include mix-ups in roles and responsibilities, failure to meet deadlines and problems in organization politics that can affect productivity.